Lethargy, weakness, lack of appetite, and poor coat appearance in the dog remind that it is time to add vitamins to its diet. The challenge is to correctly determine which ones.
Vitamins are complex organic compounds that are involved in almost all metabolic processes in the dog’s body. The main sources of vitamins are plants. The cells of which contain either vitamins themselves or their precursors, provitamins – substances that are converted into vitamins already in the body. In addition, vitamins are synthesized by the intestinal microflora. Excess, lack or complete absence of vitamins leads to hyper-, hypo-, or avitaminosis – the most severe metabolic disorders. The need for vitamins is especially high in growing dogs, pregnant and lactating bitches.
Depending on the ability to dissolve, vitamins are subdivided into fat-soluble (A, D, E, K) and water-soluble (B, C). And depending on the effect, in addition to vitamins that perform the function of forming and maintaining structural integuments in a normal state (A, D, E, C), there is a group of vitamins that act mainly as coenzymes (B, K).
Every owner should know what French Bulldog vitamins are needed for a dog.
Vitamin E. Necessary in dogs for normal reproductive activity.
Vitamin H. Influences the reproductive abilities of animals, as well as fat metabolism and the normal functioning of the skin.
Vitamin C. To maintain the natural balance of substances in the body, an adult dog needs to consume a certain amount of ascorbic acid every day, while in stressful situations the norm of vitamin C doubles, and during pregnancy – three times. Even if the content of vitamin C in the animal’s body will significantly exceed the norm, you should not worry about the additional intake of ascorbic acid, since there will be no harm from this.
Vitamin A. Vitamin A is essential for dogs to grow, improve reproductive function, normal nervous system function, and have good vision.
Vitamin B3. Participates in the synthesis of fats and proteins and affects growth, hair, skin tissue, and the functioning of the nervous system.
Vitamin B6. It is part of the enzymes involved in the breakdown of amino acids. This vitamin takes an active part in protein metabolism and affects the hemoglobin content in the blood.
Vitamin B9. Promotes the normal development of the coat, stimulates and regulates the process of hematopoiesis, preventing anemia. If the dog’s diet does not have enough food products containing vitamins, then it is necessary to buy ready-made feeds with their increased content or, after consulting with a veterinarian, purchase special supplements at the pet store.
Vitamin B12. Plays a huge role in the use of animal protein by the body, and also participates in the exchange of certain amino acids.
Vitamin D. Participates in phosphorus-calcium metabolism in the body of animals ensures normal growth and development of bones.
Vitamin K. Promotes normal blood clotting. Also, dogs need to be given mineral supplements. A good source of them is meat and bone meal, which contains many high-value proteins and various minerals.
The most important minerals for French Bulldogs:
Sodium (Na) chlorine (Cl). Contribute to the maintenance of osmotic pressure in the cells and tissues of the body, which are part of the blood.
Potassium (K). Participates in protein metabolism, is part of the cellular fluid, and regulates the water content in tissues.
Calcium (Ca). The most important component of the bone tissue of the skeleton of mammals. It is part of nerve cells, muscle tissue, and blood.
Copper (Cu). Participates in redox processes in tissues and the formation of blood hemoglobin.
Sulfur (S). It is part of many organic compounds necessary for the normal functioning of the dog’s body.
Phosphorus (P). It is a part of bone tissue along with calcium. Contained in meat and bone meal.
Iron (Fe). Participates in the synthesis of hemoglobin and redox processes.
How to understand that a dog is lacking vitamins and which ones?
Lack of calcium: the dog eats the ground and does not miss the opportunity to chew on plaster, bricks.
Vitamin C: the dog eats little, gets tired quickly, constantly lethargic.
Lack of vitamin A: eye problems, tearfulness, the cloudy color of the cornea of the eye, dry and tousled coat.
Lack of vitamin D: the curvature of the spine and other bones.
Lack of vitamin B: anemia, eating feces, the dog sniffs and chews on dirty insoles, socks, and slippers.
Vitamin P: eats cigarette butts.
Vitamin PP: dermatitis, diarrhea, inflammation of the oral mucosa.
Multivitamins can accelerate recovery or rehabilitation after illness, improve the well-being of pregnant, growing, and elderly animals, and replenish the general deficiency of vitamins and minerals.
Vitamins for skin and wool
Skin and coat supplements help improve the animal’s appearance and reduce shedding. The coat becomes thicker, stronger, and shinier. As a rule, such preparations contain fatty acids, vitamins, and trace elements, the combination of which works well on the pet’s coat. Such complexes can be started to give the dog a month before the shows so that the animal looks great. Wool vitamin complexes help to shorten shedding time and reduce hair loss.
Calcium Supplements For Strong Bones
Calcium is a mineral that is most commonly deficient in domestic dogs and cats. The fact is that with a natural diet, it is difficult to compensate for the need for it. Bones are strongly discouraged from giving to dogs, as they can lead to injuries to the esophagus and blockage of the intestines. There is not enough calcium in the cottage cheese to meet the animal’s needs, so when feeding your pet “natural” it is worth including a calcium supplement in its diet. In industrial feed many portions of cereal bind calcium, preventing it from being absorbed, therefore, even when feeding with a ready-made diet, a mineral supplement will not be superfluous. It is better to choose a complex in which, in addition to calcium itself, there is phosphorus and vitamin D. These components contribute to its absorption and increase the effectiveness of the supplement.
Supplements for Healthy Joints
Chondroprotectors are supplements and drugs that help protect, repair, and strengthen joints. Calling them “joint vitamins” is not entirely correct, because the main active ingredient in them belongs to a different category. Chondroprotectors are needed for puppies for the correct formation of joints during the period of active growth and older animals.
With any type of food, a four-legged friend may be deficient in vitamins and other nutrients. Vitamins and other supplements can help balance the dog’s diet, strengthen its immune system and improve its appearance. Important: vitamins do not cure diseases, but only maintain health and make up for the lack of necessary substances. If your pet has obvious health problems, you need to take it to the clinic.