The advent of salmon oil as a vitamin supplement to improve the condition of the coat has made a splash in dog breeding. It was the dog owners who were the first to appreciate the rapid improvement in the condition of the skin and the quality of the coat in animals, then examples of a positive effect on the coat of cats were added to the rave reviews about taking salmon oil.
Salmon oil contains Omega-3 and Omega-6 fatty acids, without which the normal functioning of most physiological processes of the body is impossible. Salmon oil for dogs is traditionally used to eliminate problems with hair, improve its quality, as well as to increase immunity, strengthen the cardiovascular system, and reduce allergic sensitivity. The addition of these acids to the diet is mandatory since they cannot be synthesized in the body and come only with food.
Salmon oil recommended
Salmon oil is recommended for the prevention of hypertension, strokes, and heart attacks; indispensable for skin diseases, problems with the nervous system; recommended for the prevention of malignant tumors; improves brain activity, increases concentration, improves learning abilities. During pregnancy, fatty acids are vital for the proper development of the embryo, the formation of its brain and organs of vision.
It is worth noting that you can buy salmon oil for dogs in a regular pharmacy for people, but for humans, it is usually used encapsulated, for animals it is used in its pure form. Salmon oil in liquid form is preferable, as it has a rich taste and aroma, it can increase the attractiveness of the feed and stimulate the appetite even in very capricious and spoiled animals. In addition, it is quite difficult to recalculate the dosage from humans to suitable for animals, and it is also problematic to persuade small dogs or cats to swallow rather large gelatin capsules.
Sources of Omega-3 and Omega-6 Fatty Acids
Do not confuse salmon oil with fish oil. Cod liver oil is certainly a very healthy supplement, but it consists of three components, namely vitamins A, D and a small amount of omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids. The concentration of essential acids in fish oil is significantly lower than in salmon oil.
Omega-3 fatty acids are also found in vegetable oils: linseed, olive, sunflower, rapeseed, corn. You can find these acids in nuts (especially almonds, walnuts and macadamia), soybeans, spinach, and pumpkin.
Although essential fatty acids can be found in a variety of foods, both animal and plant, fish is the most important source.
For fish allergies, it is recommended to use chia seeds, because they contain not only fatty acids but also antioxidants.
A very important nuance of usefulness is the ratio of omega-6 and omega-3 fatty acids. Previously, it was thought that the ratio should be in the region of 15:1, but more recent studies have shown that ratios from 10:1 to 5:1 can be considered acceptable. Salmon oil for dogs, unlike many other oils, has an optimal ratio of Omega-6 and Omega-3 fatty acids.
Benefits of Omega-3 and Omega-6
Although Omega-3 and Omega-6 fatty acids are not produced in the body and must be supplied with food, their role in the body of cats and dogs is huge – they play the role of intermediaries that facilitate and improve the functioning of various organs and body systems.
Omega-3 and Omega-6 are essential for:
• Full growth and development of animals
• Strengthening of cell membranes (for example, to improve mitochondrial protein synthesis and liver regeneration)
• Synthesis of hemoglobin, coagulation (clotting) of blood, and maintenance of capillary integrity
• Solutions to skin problems
• Normalization of fetal brain formation
• Improved carbohydrate tolerance, which is vital for diabetic animals
• To lower cholesterol in the body
• Improving the functioning of the nervous system and brain stimulation
• Reduced joint pain in older animals.
Their deficiency leads to:
• Violations of the development of young animals, growth retardation
• Increased susceptibility to infections, general decrease in immunity
• Ulcers and other disorders of the skin, deterioration of the coat and its loss
• Increasing the permeability of cell membranes and their instability.
Adding salmon oil to a French Bulldog’s diet does not have an immediate effect. Sometimes it takes a month, or even a month and a half, to add it before a positive result is noticeable. Many veterinarians recommend adding salmon oil to the feed for 9-12 weeks, preferably twice a day.
Because omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids are health-promoting nutrients, they can be considered nutraceuticals. This term refers to nutrients that have drug characteristics.
Side effects in overdose
As with all medications and supplements, salmon oil has the potential for side effects, especially in overdose.
Side effects with incorrect dosages of Omega-3 and Omega-6 fatty acids:
• With a significant excess of Omega-6 fatty acids, there is a violation of platelet function, blood thinning, and poor blood clotting
• When Omega-3 fatty acids are exceeded, gastrointestinal tract disorders are observed: diarrhea, vomiting, pancreatitis
• Possibly disruption of wound healing due to strong anti-inflammatory action
• Excessive consumption of fish oil and salmon oil can lead to an overweight pet
• Immune function may also be impaired.
Thus, the positive effect of essential fatty acids on the body of the French Bulldog is very high and their use in the diet is necessary. However, it is important to use them strictly in the dosages indicated on the packaging by the manufacturer.