A specific unpleasant smell from the mouth is quite common in dogs.
Most owners consider it not worth attention, explaining the lack of physiological causes and lack of oral hygiene.
Such a statement is not unfounded – indeed, most pets are not familiar with either toothpaste or a brush, so the smell from the mouth, you know, is by no means roses.
However, most often such a nuisance goes beyond the scope of an aesthetic problem and can be a symptom of an unpleasant, and sometimes life-threatening disease, especially if it is a very strong smell or a specific smell of rotten meat, ammonia, acetone, urine, fish.
Causes of an unpleasant smell from the mouth of a young dog
The putrid odor from the mouth (halitosis) can be observed in animals of any age group.
If a young dog suffers from this pathology, there are not so many causes of halitosis:
1. Change of teeth in a puppy. In dogs of small breeds, milk teeth are sometimes found that are quite firmly seated in the nests. With difficulty loosening, they cannot fall out without outside help. Violation of the integrity of the gums in this place leads to infection and food debris getting into the wound. The inflammatory process, and subsequently the formation of putrefactive microflora, become the causes of unpleasant amber.
2. The ingress of food debris or foreign objects into the gaps between the teeth. In the process of playing, a young dog often, carried away, gnaws sticks, balls, or threads cords into small pieces. Small pieces of wood or toys stuck between the teeth can also cause inflammation.
Causes of mouth stink in an adult dog
In the process of growing up, the number of causes that cause bad breath from the animal also increases.
Most of them signal diseases of the internal organs or oral cavity:
1. Tartar. It is considered one of the most common causes of stench. Even though such a symptom in itself does not pose a threat to the life and health of the animal, plaque on the teeth is not as harmless as it seems. The destruction of tooth enamel, foci of infection in the mouth, and general intoxication can quite spoil the quality of life of your pet.
2. Malignant neoplasms that form in the oral cavity can be another cause of the odor. Most often, boxers and other breeds of dogs with a short, damp muzzle find a tendency to cancer.
4. A sharp ammonia smell from the mouth indicates diseases of the urinary system, in particular, chronic renal failure. Slowing down the excretion of metabolic products from the body leads to increased excretion of ammonia by the tissues.
5. An unpleasant odor that resembles the sharp smell of nail polish remover (acetone) is a clear sign of an autoimmune imbalance in a pet. Most often, this is how diabetes manifests itself. If at the same time the four-legged friend has increased thirst, urgently take a blood test for sugar and consult a veterinary endocrinologist.
6. A sharp stench of rotten meat or carrion (unless your shaggy tracker has caught some filth on a walk) is a symptom of severe irreversible changes in the liver. Most often, the smell appears already at the stage of necrosis, so in most cases, there is nothing to help the pet.
7. Worm infestation is another reason why the mouth starts to smell bad. Most often, a dog is infected with roundworm eggs, but one should not exclude the possibility of the appearance of more serious and dangerous neighbors – all kinds of tapeworms or tapeworms.
8. Inflammation of the gums, accompanied by edema (gingivitis), caused by beriberi or gastrointestinal pathologies, may be accompanied by an unpleasant odor. The reason for this phenomenon is necrotic areas of the cavity and numerous ulcers in the mouth of the animal.
9. Hypothyroidism is another problem in which halitosis is accompanied not only by the destruction and loss of teeth but also by a change in the shape and size of the tongue.
10. Allergic reactions of the body. A variety of symptoms of this disease greatly complicates the diagnosis. However, the pet’s bad breath may well be the first bell of the pathological sensitivity of the immune system to a particular irritant. If clinical tests do not confirm other pathologies, and eczema and itching join the unpleasant odor, it is most likely an allergic reaction.
External factors affecting bad mouth odor
Fortunately, bad breath from a dog is not always a symptom of diseases of the internal organs.
Sometimes this problem depends on external causes and can be easily corrected.
Most often, the following factors can cause the problem:
1. The maximum content of protein foods in the diet. A large amount of nitrogenous substance released during the digestion of meat causes a putrefactive “rotten” smell.
2. Deposition of food behind the cheeks of dogs. French bulldogs often do not have time to swallow all the food while eating. Pieces of food that have fallen into the buccal space rot and spread the aroma of rotten meat.
3. Switch to chlorinated drinking water. Refusal of spring or bottled liquid can cause dysbacteriosis in a pet. This is another impetus for the emergence of a specific amber.
4. Another reason that is easy to eliminate is an unbalanced dog diet. Switching from one brand of dry food to another, or switching to quality natural food, will make your friend’s breath fresh. Special supplements to the usual diet also help to solve the problem.
What to do?
It is possible to fight the smell of rotten meat from the dog’s mouth at home only if the cause of the problem does not threaten the life of the pet.
1. So, for example, in the case of tartar formation, you can give the animal soft vein bones or hard vegetables – carrots, apples. Such “gymnastics for the teeth” will help at the initial stage of the formation of deposits, removing soft growths.
2. Eating tomato juice is an old folk recipe, according to which dogs were rid of tartar thirty or forty years ago. It is enough to add a few tablespoons of the drink to food and after a few weeks, the plaque can be easily removed with a gauze swab.
3. Toothpaste and a brush are now familiar attributes for caring for a pet’s teeth. Modern animal dental care products require minimal effort on the part of the owner – sometimes just applying a gel or paste to the surface of the teeth is enough.
4. If the owner’s efforts are not enough to eradicate the problem, a qualified veterinarian with an ultrasonic stone removal device will come to your aid. After the procedure, the stone, and with it, the smell from the mouth, will disappear. Owners are now only required to carry out oral prophylaxis in time.
5. If an annoying symptom is caused by a malfunction in the vital systems of the body, you should not expect that the unpleasant odor will go away on its own. In this case, the delay only exacerbates the situation, leading to serious and sometimes irreversible consequences. Consultation of an experienced veterinarian, laboratory tests, and a properly prescribed treatment regimen will help to defeat the disease, and therefore remove bad breath from the mouth.